Aleksandar Bačko – review of twenty years of research work

Igor Mojsilović has published his new e-book, „Aleksandar Bačko – review of twenty years of research work“.

Editor of this book is Miodrag Rođenkov.

Book „Aleksandar Bačko – review of twenty years of research work“ has 108 pages.

The e-book can be downloaded free (in PDF format), following this link:

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Aleksandar Bačko – review of twenty years of research work

Александар Бачко – осврт на двадесет година истраживачког рада

Игор Мојсиловић је у електронској форми објавио биографску књигу „Александар Бачко – осврт на двадесет година истраживачког рада“.

Монографија је обима 108 страна.

Уредник је Миодраг Рођенков.

Монографију „ Александар Бачко – осврт на двадесет година истраживачког рада “ можете бесплатно преузети у PDF формату, путем следећег линка:

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Александар Бачко – осврт на двадесет година истраживачког рада

Titles of Ugandan traditional rulers, royalty, chiefs, nobility and chivalry

Aleksandar Bačko has published his new book, “ Titles of Ugandan traditional rulers, royalty, chiefs, nobility and chivalry“.

This book is dedicated to His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I Omukama (King) of The Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara, Ruler of Hoima, Masindi, Kibaale, Buliisa, Kiryandongo, Kagadi and Kakumiro, etc. etc. etc.

Editor of this book is Reverend Father Deacon Hadži Nenad M. Jovanović.

“ Titles of Ugandan traditional rulers, royalty, chiefs, nobility and chivalry“ has 104 pages.

This book can be downloaded free (in PDF format), following this link:

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Titles of Ugandan traditional rulers, royalty, chiefs, nobility and chivalry

ABOUT TITLES OF UGANDAN TRADITIONAL RULERS, ROYALTY, CHIEFS, NOBILITY AND CHIVALRY

Dedicated to His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I by The Grace of God, Omukama of The Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara, Ruler of Hoima, Masindi, Kibaale, Buliisa, Kiryandongo, Kagadi and Kakumiro, The Grandson of Kabalega, The Healer, The Orphan Protector, The Hater of Rebellion, The Lion of Bunyoro, The Hero of Bunyoro, The Hero of Kabalega, etc. etc. etc. – 49th Omukama of The Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara, 27th Omukama in The Babiito Dynasty – The Sovereign Head and Grand Master of The Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo and The Royal Order of Engabu, The Sovereign Head, Grand Master and Protector of The Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega, The Patron, Protector and Granter of The Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns, Patron, Protector and Granter of The Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross etc. etc. etc.

Contemporary Uganda is Republic in East Africa, in the area of African Great Lakes. However, within Uganda are several traditional constituent Monarchies, with status regulated in Constitution of this Republic. These Monarchies are: Bunyoro – Kitara, Buganda, Toro, Busoga and Rwenzururu.

This list of titles of Ugandan traditional rulers, royalty, chiefs, nobility and chivalry is certanly uncompleted. However, it represents modest contribution concerning question of traditional titles of area of nowdays Republic of Uganda, and we believe, that it will be useful in some further reasearch.

* * *

Ababiito – See: Omubiito.

Abagomborozi – Traditional title of the Sub-County Chiefs. This title was used in Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom (Uganda) in the past, and it is still used today. This is also a title of second–level Representatives of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom in other countries, in charge of several provinces/departments. Abagomborozi is plural of this title, and Omugomborozi is singular. This title is mentioned in Constitution of Republic of Uganda, writen in 1966. Higher title is County Chief (Abamasaza), and lower is Parish Chief (Abemiruka). Abagomborozi is appointed by Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara. See also: Chief.1

Abajwaara Kondo – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.

Abakama – See: Omukama.

Abakungu – See: Royal Order of Engabu.

Abakyala – Style of principal consorts of the Kabaka (King) of Buganda Kingdom. Abakyala means Lady.2

Abalangira – This is title of male members of the royal clan in Kingdom of Buganda.3

Abamasaza – Traditional title of the County Chiefs. It is used in Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom (Uganda). Abamasaza is appointed by Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara. It is the highest Chief title in this Kingdom. This is also a title of first–level Representatives of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom in other countries, in charge of whole country. Lower is title of Sub-County Chief (Abagomborozi). See also description of the term Chief.4

Abambejja – This is title of female member of the royal clan in Kingdom of Buganda.5

Abasebbeeyi – As mentioned, principals consorts of Kabaka (King) of Kingdom of Buganda are styled Abakyala. Other of his wives, if of noble birth, are styled Abasebbeeyi.6

 Abataka – Title of clan Chiefs in Kingdom of Buganda is Abataka, or Bataka. In the past, Abataka had a lot of political influence but after 1750, the Kabaka (King) assumed a position of political significance far superior to that of the Abataka (Bataka). See also: Bataka.7

Abatongole – This is the title of Sub-Parish Chiefs, used in Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom (Uganda). Higher title is Parish Chief (Abemiruka), and lower is Village Chief (Bakuru B’emigongo). This is also a title of fourth–level Representatives of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom in other countries, in charge of 1 province/department. Abatongole is plural of this title, and Omutongole is singular. Abatongole is appointed by Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara. In Kingdom of Buganda, Abatongole is title of the Village Chief. See also: Chief; Order of the Shield and Spears.8

Abemiruka – Traditional title of Parish Chiefs in Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom (Uganda). Superior title is Sub-County Chief (Abagomborozi), and minor is Sub-Parish Chief (Abatongole). This is also a title of third–level Representatives of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom in other countries, in charge of 2 or 3 provinces/departments. Abemiruka is appointed by Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara. See also: Chief.9

Adhola – This is elective title of the traditional ruler of Padhola in Republic of Uganda. Since 7. August 1999, Adhola (traditional ruler) of Padhola is Moses Stephen Owor.10

Agutamba – See: Healer.

Azzu – This is elective title of the traditional rulers of Kebu Yuu in Republic of Uganda. Since 14. June 2008, Azzu of Kebu Yuu is Ephraim Kebbi of the House of Yuu.11

Bakuru B’emigongo – This is the title of the Village Chiefs in Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom (Uganda). It is the lowest level of Chiefs in this Kingdom. Above it is Sub-Parish Chief (Abatongole). It is also a title of fifth–level Representatives of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom in other countries, in charge of 1 Village/City. See also description of term Chief.12

Bataka – This is title of the chief of a clan. It is used in the Kingdom of Buganda. See also: Abataka.13

Batebe – In Kingdom of Toro it is the title of “Princess Royal, usually a full sister of the Mukama (Omukama, King), who enjoys the status of first lady of the kingdom during her brother’s reign”.14

By The Grace of God – Formula, part of full styles of some African and non-African rulers. For instance, it is part of full title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. See: Omukama.15

Chief – This is one of the most frequent titles in Africa, as well as other Continents. In Bunyoro – Kitara Kingdom there are several levels of Chief titles: County Chief (Abamasaza), Sub-County Chief (Abagomborozi), Parish Chief (Abemiruka), Sub-Parish Chief (Abatongole) and Village Chief (Bakuru B’emigongo). See also: Abamasaza, Abagomborozi, Abemiruka, Abatongole, Bakuru B’emigongo, and other titles.16

Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns – By Royal decision of H.M. Solomon Iguru I, Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara, in 2012. are rewritten “the whole legal chapters and maintain of the Orders Order of the Crown of Thorns and Order of the Lion and the Black Cross under the Ecclesiastical jurisdiction and Patronage of The Apostolic Episcopal Church and the Royal Patronage of His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I; with H.M. Omukama Chwa II. Kabalega name incorporate and the name of His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I”. See also: Omukama; Patron, Protector and Granter of The Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns.17

Commander – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega; Order of the Lion, Crown and Shield; Order of the Shield and Spears.

Coronet wearer – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.

County Chiefs – See: Abamasaza.

Crown Dame – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.

Crown Knight – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.

Crown Prince – Similar to the of most other monarchies, title of Crown Prince is used in some of Ugandan monarchies, as title of the successor of the Royal throne. In Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, Crown Prince is H.R.H. Crown Prince David Rukidi Mpuga OOKB, OEBKK, GCCK, son of H.M. Omukama (King) Solomon Iguru I.18

Ekitule Kinobere Abeemi – See: Hater of Rebelion.

Elder – This is title (in English language) of various positions of authority. It was used in many countries, in history, as well as today. In Iteso (Teso) in Uganda, Elders are electing traditional ruler, Emorimor.19

Emanzi Ya Bunyoro – See: Hero of Bunyoro.

Emanzi Ya Kabalega – See: The Hero of Kabalega.

Emanziya Karuzika – Part of older, full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. Emanziya Karuzika means: „the hero of the palace“. This title is not used anymore as part of full official title of Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara.20

Emorimor – This is elective title of the traditional rulers of Iteso (Teso), located in Republic of Uganda. Term “Emorimor” (Emorimori) literally means “Uniter” or “Head of the Clan”. It was duty of Emorimor to keep the Clan and Sub-Clans united. He was elected by Elders of Iteso. Since 4. May 2000, Emorimor of Iteso is Augustine Osuban.21

Emorimori – See: Emorimor.

Engazi – Title of Prime Ministers of Kingdom of Ankole was Enganzi. This title is mentioned during second half of 19th and 20th century.22

Entale Yabunyoro – See: Lion of Bunyoro.

Gabula – Hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Bugabula in Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates). Since 11 February 1995, Gabula of Bugabula is William Nadiope IV of the House of Kitimbo.23

Grand Collar – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.

Grand Cross – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.

Grand Cross – Special Class – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega; Order of the Lion, Crown and Shield.

Grand Master – See: Omukama; Sovereign Head, Grand Master and Protector of The Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.

Grand Officer – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.

Grandson of Kabalega – “The Grandson of Kabalega” (Mwijukuru Wakabalega) is part of the full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty.24

This title emphasizes close family relationship between H.M. Omukama Solomon Iguru I and His Grandfather, H.M. Omukama Chwa II Kabalega (18 June 1853 – 6 April 1923), Ruler of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom between 1870. and 1899. When he was crowned king, he set out to develop economy of his Kingdom. When the British sought to colonize Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, he firmly resisted. On 1. January 1894 the British declared war on his Kingdom. For a period of five years Kabalega was able to fend off the British, who had help from some African countries, including Somalia, Nubia, and others. On 9 April 1899, Kabalega was shot and wounded by the British, who captured him. Kabalega was exiled to the Seychelles for 24 years. In 1923, Kabalega was given permission to return to Bunyoro-Kitara, but died in Jinja (in Uganda) on 6. April 1923, shortly before reaching the borders of the Kingdom. On 8. June 2009 Kabalega was declared a national hero of Uganda. After him is also named Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega. See also: Omukama, Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.25

Granter – See: Omukama; Patron, Protector and Granter of The Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns; Patron, Protector and Granter of The Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross.

Hater of Rebellion – “The Hater of Rebellion” (Ekitule Kinobere Abeemi) is part of the official full title of Omukama H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. “The Hater of Rebellion” was also used as part of full royal title of H.M. Omukama Chwa II Kabalega (in form: “Kitule Kinobere Abeemi”). See: Omukama.26

Head – See: Omukama; Sovereign Head of The Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo and The Royal Order of Engabu; Sovereign Head, Grand Master and Protector of The Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.

Healer – “The Healer” (Agutamba) is part of the full official title of Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. Agutamba (from: „omubazi ogutamba bunaku“) in narrower sence means: „the medicine that cures, or wards off, poverty“. See also: Omukama.27

Hero of Bunyoro – “The Hero of Bunyoro” (Emanzi Ya Bunyoro) is part of the full title of King (Omukama) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. See also: Omukama.28

Hero of Kabalega – “The Hero of Kabalega” (Emanzi Ya Kabalega) is part of the full official title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. Tis title is after H.M. Omukama Chwa II Kabalega, national hero of Uganda, grandfather of H.M. Solomon Iguru I. See also: Omukama, Grandson of Kabalega, Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.29

Inhebantu – Inhebantu of Busoga is the title given to the queen consort to the ruler of the Kingdom of Busoga (Kyabazinga of Busoga). The most recent Inhebantu was Alice Muloki, who died on November 6, 2005.30

Inzu – This is the title of the Paramount Chief of Masaaba in Republic of Uganda. See also: Paramount Chief.31

Isebantu Kyabazinga – See: Kyabazinga.

Jadipu – This is title of Prime Minister in Alur (Union of Alur Chiefdoms) in Republic of Uganda.32

Jago – Title of leaders with power over several clans in Acholi. It is lesser title then Rwot. “Dominant clan leaders forged clan alliances to become the Jago over several neighbouring clans. A militarily proficient Jago would be recognised as Rwot by neighbouring Jagi who acknowleged his leadership”.33

Kabaka – Hereditary title of the traditional ruler of Kingdom of Buganda, constituent monarchy in Republic of Uganda. Since 24. July 1993, Kabaka of Buganda is Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II of the House of Abalasangeye.34

Kabaka is the title translated as a King, in the Kingdom of Buganda. According to traditions of people of this Kingdom, they are ruled by two Kings, one spiritual and the other material. The spiritual (supernatural) king is represented by the Royal Drums. These are regalia called Mujaguzo. Royal drums (Mujaguzo) “like any other king”, has own palace, officials, servants, and palace guards. The material, human prince has to perform special cultural rites on the Royal Drums, before he can be declared Kabaka (King) of the Kingdom of Buganda. Upon the birth of a royal prince or princess, the Royal Drums are sounded by drummers specially selected from a specified clan as a means of informing the subjects of the kingdom of the birth of new member of the royal family. The same Royal Drums are sounded upon the death of a reigning king to officially announce the death of the material king.35

In the Kingdom of Buganda is no classic concept of the Crown Prince. All royal princes are treated equaly in life time of Kabaka. During the period of a reigning king, a special council has the mandate to study the behavior and characteristics of the young princes. The reigning king, informed by the recommendation of the special council, selects one prince to be his successor. In a secret ceremony, the selected prince is given a special piece of bark cloth by the head of the special verification council. The name of the future king is kept secret by the special council until the death of the reigning king. When all the princes and princesses are called to view the body of the late king lying in state, the selected prince lays the special piece of bark cloth over the body of the late king, revealing himself as the successor to the throne. The first born prince, by tradition called Kiweewa, is not allowed to become king. This was carefully planned to protect him against any attempted assassinations in a bid to fight for the crown. Instead he is given special roles to play in the matters of the royal family and kingdom.36

Kabaka Oweebweru – See: Katikiro.

Kaggo – This is title of County Chief of Kyaddondo County, in Kingdom of Buganda.37

Kalyota – Title of the “official sister” of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. Chosen half-sister of Omukama (by another mother), traditionally, bears this title.38

Kamuswaga – Title of the hereditary traditional rulers of Kooki in Kingdom of Buganda (Republic of Uganda), after 1896. (before that, title Omukama was used). Since 15. May 2004, Kamuswaga of Kooki is Apollo Sansa Kabumbuli II. He is member of branch of Babiito Dynasty. This Dynasty is also ruling House of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom and Toro.39

The Kingdom of Kooki is a traditional chiefdom in the Rakai District of Uganda. It was first mentioned in writen sources in 1884. It was incorporated into the Kingdom of Buganda in 1896, but its royal line continues.40

Kangawo – This is the title of the county chief of Bulemezi (Kingdom of Buganda).41

Kasaja – This is title of the traditional ruler of Buyodi (one of the Busoga – Usoga confederates).42

Kasorobahiga – Part of older, full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. Emanziya Karuzika means: „hunted“, which means „hunted by other rulers, who are jealous of His power and preeminence“. This title is not used anymore as part of full official title of Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara.43

Kasujju – County of Busujju (Kingdom of Buganda) headed by the County Chief titled Kasujju.44

Katanbala – County of Butambala in Buganda Kingdom is headed by the Katambala (County Chief).45

Katikiro – Katikiro or Kattikiro is title of Prime Minister of Bunyoro – Kitara Kingdom. Also, this title was used for Prime Ministers of Kingdom of Buganda and Kingdom of Toro until 1960s (after that time, title is Omuhikirwa). Prime Minister is also traditionally called “Kabaka Oweebweru” in Buganda Kingdom.46

Kattikiro – See: Katikiro.

 

 

Kayanga – This is title of the traditional ruler of Igombe (one of the Busoga – Usoga confederates).47

Kayima – County Chief title of head of Mawokota County (Kingdom of Buganda).48

Kimbugwe – Buluuli County in Kingdom of Buganda is headed by the County Chief with title Kimbugwe.49

King – Well known historical and contemporary supreme ruler title in English language. It is used as synonym for some traditional ruler titles in Uganda – Omukama, Kabaka and others. See: Omukama; Kabaka.50

Kisiki – This is hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Busiki in Republic of Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates). In older period, title of the ruler of Busiki was Lamoge. Current Kisiki of Busiki, since 11. February 1995, is Yekosofato Kawanguzi of the House of Igaga. See also: Lamoge.51

Kitunzi – County of Ggomba in Kingdom of Buganda is headed by the County Chief with title Kitunzi.52

Kiweewa – This is title of first born royal prince, eldest son of Kabaka in the Kingdom of Buganda. Traditionaly, Kiweewa “is not allowed to become king”, but “he is given special roles to play in the matters of the royal family and kingdom”. See also: Kabaka.53

Knight – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.

Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross – See: Patron, Protector and Granter of The Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross.

Kweba – County of Ssese (Buganda kingdom) is headed by the County Chief with title Kweba.54

Kyabazinga – Kyabazinga of Busoga or Isebantu Kyabazinga is title is the title given to the ruler of the Kingdom (Confederation) of Busoga in Uganda. Isebantu means „father of the people“. This name was a symbol of unity derived from the expression and recognition by the people of Busoga that their leader was the „father of all people who brings all of them together“, and who also serves as their cultural leader. The former Kyabazinga of Busoga was Henry Wako Muloki, who was born in 1921. and died on 1. September 2008.55

Kyabazinga of Busoga was abolished in 1966 when Milton Obote disbanded all traditional institutions within the country, including the Kingdom of Busoga and the title of Kyabazinga. The Kyabazinga was restored with the restoration of traditional institutions in the end of 20th century, and the second coronation of Henry Wako Muloki on February 11, 1995.56

Kyabazinga of Busoga is elective title. Kyabazinga is chosen from just five of the eleven Busoga royal traditional chiefs. Only these five may elect the next Kyabazinga, who is from their own ranks. The Kyabazinga holds the title for a certain period of time before a new title holder in chosen by the chiefs. There have recently been calls by Basoga elders to allow that all eleven royal hereditary chiefs be permitted to elect the next Kyabazinga, instead of just the traditional five chiefs. The demands for this change came during the selection process for a successor to the late Henry Wako Muloki. See also: Ruler.57

Lamoge – This was former title of ruler of Busiki. Later, rulers of Busiki were titled Kisiki. See also: Kisiki.58

Lion of Bunyoro – “The Lion of Bunyoro” (Entale Yabunyoro) is part of the full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. See: Omukama.59

Luba – This is hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Bunya (Bunha) in Uganda. Bunya is one of the Busoga confederates. Current ruler, Luba of Bunya, since 11. February 1995, is Juma Munulo II .60

Lubuga – Title of royal “mother substitute” in Kingdom of Buganda, second in rank to the Naalinya.61

Lumaama – Kabula is County in Kingdom of Buganda. It is headed by the County Chief with title Lumaama.62

Luweekula – County of Buweekula (Buganda Kingdom) is headed by the County Chief with title Luweekula.63

Majesty – See: King; Omukama; Omugo.

Master of Ceremonies – See: Omusana.

Mbuubi – Buvuma is County in Kingdom of Buganda. It is headed by the County Chief with title Mbuubi.64

Member – See: Order of the Lion, Crown and Shield; Order of the Shield and Spears.

Menya – Hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Bugweri (Bugweri Bufutulu) in Uganda. Bugweri is one of the Busoga confederates. Since 11 February 1995 Menya of Bugweri is Frederick Kakaire II  of the House of Menyha.65

Most Honourable – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo; Royal Order of Engabu.

Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega – The Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega is also known as The Most Honourable Order of Duty and Inflexibility of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega and Saint Thomas More. It is the third highest royal order of merit of the Kingdom of Bunyoro–Kitara. It is awarded by Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara.66

The Order is established in 2010. It is awarded to persons who promote charity and humanity, help to relief from sickness, distress, suffering or danger. Also, individuals who support the Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom are awarded. Unofficial motto of this Order is: For the King, For the People, For Justice (in Nyoro language: Habwomukama, Habwabantu, Habowbwinganisa, and in Latin: Pro Rex, Pro Humanitas, Pro Iustitia).67

The Order consists of this grades (with post nominals): Companion (CK), Knight (KCK), Officer (OCK), Commander (CCK), Grand Officer (GOCK), Grand Cross (GCCK), Grand Cross – Special Class (GCCK) and Grand Collar (GCCKC). The class of Grand Collar is only available for reigning royalties, heads of state and the Grand Master.68

This Order may be inherited by the eldest children of the same sex as the original recipient. The order is named after Omukama Chwa II Kabalega, a former king (Omukama) of the Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom and a national hero of Uganda. As mentioned, Order is also named after Saint Thomas More, who is a great symbol of duty and inflexibility against injustice. See also: Sovereign Head, Grand Master and Protector of The Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega. See also: Grandson of Kabalega, Hero of Kabalega.69

Mugabe – See: Omugabe.

Mugerere – This is title of County Chief of Bugerere County in Kingdom of Buganda.70

Mukama – See: Omukama.

Mukungu – By Royal decision of H.M. Solomon Iguru I, Omukama (King) of Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara in 2012. title of Mukungu (Chieftainship of the Ancient Abbey-Principality of San Luigi in Fezzan) is renewed. The holder of the title shall be designated by the title of Mukungu, worn after surname.71

The title of Mukungu is first granted by H.M. Omukama Chwa II. Kabalega to Prince-Abbot Dom Jose Mendoza of the Abbey-Principality of San Luigi (Fezzan), in 1889.72

Mukwenda – Title of County Chief of Ssingo County in Kingdom of Buganda is Mukwenda.73

Mulangira – Title of a descendant of the Royal clan (noble) in Kingdom of Buganda.74

Muteesa – Mawogola County in Kingdom of Buganda is headed by the County Chief with title Muteesa.75

Mutuba Muto – This was title of the County Chief of Ibanda, after 1902. In this year Ibanda becomes part of kingdom of Ankole.76

Muzaaya – This was title of the ruler of Buzaaya. Title existed until 1906, when Buzaaya was “amalgamated by British authorities”.77

Mwebingwa – See: Orphan Protector.

Mwebingwe – See: Orphan Protector.

Mwegombwa – Part of older, full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. Mwegombwa means: „He who is loved and longed for“. This title is not used anymore as part of full official title of Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara.78

Mwijukuru Wakabalega – See: Grandson of Kabalega.

Naalinya – Title of eldest sister of the Kabaka, the Princess Royal, in Kingdom of Buganda is Naalinya (Nnalinnya).79

Namasole – This is title of the mother of Omukama (King), as well as mother of Kabaka. Title Namasole is used in Kingdom of Toro and Kingdom of Buganda (Republic of Uganda).80

Nanyumba – This is hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Bunyole (Bunyuli) in Uganda. Bunyole is one of the Busoga confederates. Current Nanyumba of Bunyole, since 11 February 1995, is John Ntale Nahnumba.81

Ngobi – Hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Kigulu in Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates). Since 11. February 1995, Ngobi of Kigulu is Izimba Golologolo of the House of Ngobi.82

Nkono – Title of hereditary the traditional rulers of Bukono in Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates). Nkono of Bukono, since 11. February 1995, is Mutyaba Nkono II of the House of Nkono.83

Nkyanungi – See: Ruler.

Nnalinnya – See: Naalinya.

Noble, Nobility – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo; Mulangira.

Ntembe – This is hereditary title of the traditional ruler of Butembe in Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates). Current Ntembe of Butembe, since 11. February 1995, is Badru Waguma.84

Nyakanungi – See: Ruler.

Nyathi Rwot – This is title of local leader in Alur (Union of Alur Chiefdoms). It literally means “child of Rwoth (King)”, or “Kinglet”. Nyathi Rwot is subjugated to Rwoth Obima. See also: Rwoth Obima.85

Officer – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega; Order of the Shield and Spears.

Okuma – This is title of the ruler of Buzimba, which existed during 19th century. Buzimba splited from Kigulu in 1806, and merged back in 1899. During this period, there were 14 Okuma of Buzimba.86

Okwiri – Title of the “official brother” of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. Eldest son of late Omukama, traditionally, bears this title. Okwiri was formally appointed by the new Omukama, after accession.87

Omubiito – This is the title of prince in Kingdom of Toro, in Republic of Uganda. Title of Omubiito was also used for rulers of Busongora Kingdom, until 1922, when it was devided between Kingdom of Toro and Kingdom of Ankole. Form “Omubiito” is singular, and “Ababiito” is plural. 88

 Omubiitokati – Title of Princess. It is known in Kingdom of Toro (Republic of Uganda).89

Omugabe – This is hereditary title of the traditional ruler of Kingdom of Ankole (Nkore in pre-colonial times) in Republic of Uganda. Since 20. November 1993, Omugabe of Ankole is Ntare VI of the House of Bahinda. Other bearers of this title were also members of House of Bahinda. Mugabe is variation of title Omugabe.90

Kingdom of Ankole was a sovereign entity, but when it came under British supremacy in 1901, by the signing of the Ankole Agreement, Omugabe became largely a ceremonial or administrative position. Before that year, term for ruler of Ankole was Omukama, same as in Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara and Toro Kingdom. The term „Omugabe“ is translated in various ways, but is most commonly equated to „king“. Its literally meaning is “giver”.91

This title, as well as Kingdom of Ankole, were abolished in 1967. by Milton Obote. In was not officialy restored together with other kingdoms in Uganda in The Nkore Cultural Trust, of which King Ntare VI is the patron, is actively lobbying to restore the kingdom of Ankole.92

Omugo – Title of Bunyoro-Kitara Royalty, Omugo, is translated in English as Queen. It is the title of the wife of ruling Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, as well as Omukama of Toro Kingdom. Today, Omugo of Bunyoro-Kitara is H.M. Margaret Adyeri Karunga, wife of H.M. Solomon Iguru I, Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom.93

Omugomborozi – See: Abagomborozi.

Omuhikirwa – This is title of the Prime Ministers of Kingdom of Toro in Uganda. This title is used from 1960s. Before that time, Prime Minister of Toro was called Katikiro.94

Omujwaara Kondo – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.

Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom Coat of Arms

Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom Coat of Arms (www.czipm.org)

 

Omukama – Hereditary Royal title of the Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom (Republic of Uganda). In Nyoro and some other languages it has meaning “King”. Its translation in English is same. Etymology of this term is not completely clear, because, it literally means “supreme milkman/milkbringer”. Plural of title Omukama is Abakama. Since 24. July 1993, Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom is His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I. His Majesty is head of the Royal House of Babiito (49th Omukama of the Kingdom Bunyoro Kitara and 27th Omukama in the Babiito Dynasty). H.M. Omukama Solomon Iguru I is officially recognized and protected by the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda. By the Supreme Court of Uganda, H.M. Omukama Solomon Iguru I is specifically recognized as the rightful King of Bunyoro-Kitara. Similar to most of other reigning monarchs, the traditional kings in Republic of Uganda currently serve as „cultural figures“ or „traditional leaders“ and are barred from engaging in politics.95

Ancestors of H.M. Omukama Solomon Iguru I never renounced their rights, never abdicated the kingdom and never ceded sovereignty. They suffered exile, rather than capitulate and concede anything, they maintained their original royal status and sovereign rights. This is very significant as His Majesty is not simply a constitutional king. He is also the heir to a dynasty that has kept all its ancient rights intact.96

In Constitution of the Republic of Uganda is specified role of traditional or cultural leader. Where a traditional leader or cultural leader exists in a region the traditional or cultural leader shall be the titular head of the regional government. He also shall be the titular head of the regional assembly and shall open, address and close the sessions of the regional assembly, as well as enjoy other benefits and privileges.97

Royal Palace of Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, called Karuziika Palace, is located in Hoima. As a cultural head, the King is assisted by his Principal Private Secretary, a Cabinet of 21 Ministers and a Orukurato (Parliament).98

Full royal title of His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I is: by The Grace of God, Omukama of The Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara, Ruler of Hoima, Masindi, Kibaale, Buliisa, Kiryandongo, Kagadi and Kakumiro, The Grandson of Kabalega, The Healer, The Orphan Protector, The Hater of Rebellion, The Lion of Bunyoro, The Hero of Bunyoro, The Hero of Kabalega, etc. etc. etc. – 49th Omukama of The Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara, 27th Omukama in The Babiito Dynasty – The Sovereign Head and Grand Master of The Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo and The Royal Order of Engabu, The Sovereign Head, Grand Master and Protector of The Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega, The Patron, Protector and Granter of The Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns, Patron, Protector and Granter of The Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross etc. etc. etc.99

H.M. Omukama Solomon Iguru I was born on 18. June 1948. King’s Empaako, traditional alternative name used by family, is Amooti. His Majesty inherited throne from his father, H.M. Sir Tito Winyi IV, Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara. In recent years, H.M. Solomon Iguru I has significantly promoted and developed the Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara, such as establishing the institution of the Association of the Representatives of Bunyoro-Kitara (ARKBK).100

Every year an “Empago’ ceremony is held celebrating Omukama (King) and Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara. The celebration is held at the Royal Palace and all the Banyoro people (people of Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara) are invited to join. During this ceremony the King also beats the Royal Drums as a sign of his power and as a mean of signaling the people. The celebration contains singing, dancing, music and other activities.101

Title of Omukama is also in use in Toro, traditional Kingdom in Republic of Uganda. Other variant of this title, known in Kingdom of Toro, is Mukama. Current Omukama of Toro, since 26. August 1995, is Rukidi IV. He belongs to the Babiito Dynasty, branch of Babiito Dynasty of Bunyoro – Kitara Kingdom. He is 13th Omukama of Toro.102

In Ugandan traditional Kingdom of Ankole, title of the King was also Omukama, until 1901. After that year, King of Ankole was bearer of the title Omugabe. See also: King, Omugabe.103

Omukama was also title of the hereditary traditional rulers of Kooki in Kingdom of Buganda (Republic of Uganda), until 1896. After that year, title Kamuswaga was used for Kooki rulers. See also: King.104

Omukungu – See: Royal Order of Engabu; Order of the Shield and Spears.

Omulangira – Title of the younger sons, grandsons, and male descendants of the Kabaka of Buganda Kingdom in the male line (Prince).105

Omulerembera – Title of Prime Minister in Rwenzuru (Rwezunruru). It was part of Kingdom of Toro, until beginning of 20th century, and after that constituent Monarchy in Uganda.106

Omumbejja  – Title of the daughters, granddaughters and female descendants of the Kabaka of Buganda Kingdom in the male line (Princess).107

Omumbere – This is title of the traditional ruler of Bakonjo in Republic of Uganda.108

Omusana – Title of the Master of Ceremonies in the Kingdom of Toro (Republic of Uganda).109

Omusinga – Title of the hereditary traditional ruler of Rwenzuru in Republic of Uganda. Since 19 October 2009, Omusinga of Rwenzuru is Irema-Ngoma I of the House of Abahira. Rwenzuru (Rwezunruru) was part of Kingdom of Toro, until beginning of 20th century, and after that period, constituent Monarchy in Uganda. In some periods, this Kingdom was not recognized by Republic of Uganda.110

Omutongole – See: Abatongole; Order of the Shield and Spears.

Omwami – Title of Chief in Kingdom of Buganda. In Burundi and Rwanda this is the title of the King.111

Order – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo, Royal Order of Engabu, Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega, Royal Order of the Crown; Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns.

Order of Distinction – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.

Order of Engabu – See: Royal Order of Engabu.

Order of Omujwaara Kondo – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.

Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.

Order of the Coronet wearer – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.

Order of the Crown – See: Royal Order of the Crown.

Order of the Crown of Thorns – See: Omukama; Patron, Protector and Granter of The Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns; Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns.

Order of The Lion and Black Cross – See: Patron, Protector and Granter of The Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross.

Order of the Lion, Crown and Shield – Order of Kingdom of Toro. It was founded by Omukama George Rukidi III in 1963. It is awarded in three classes:  Grand Cross, Commander and Member.112

Order of the Shield – See: Royal Order of Engabu.

Order of the Shield and Spears – It was founded by Kabaka (King) Daudi Chwa II of Buganda Kingdom, on 8. August 1927. This order was created to reward loyal services to the Kingdom of Buganda and bestowed on Bugandan subjects and foreign nationals alike. Awarded in three classes: Commander (CSS), Omutongole or Officer (OSS), and Omukungu or Member (MSS). The medal of the order was instituted on 26. May 1937.113

Orphan Protector – “The Orphan Protector” (Mwebingwa, Mwebingwe) is part of the full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. Mwebingwa also means: „He to whom people run for help and protection“, or „He to whom people run when in need“. See also: Omukama.114

Paramount Chief – Frequent title in English language of traditional rulers in various countries. This title can be both hereditary and elective. Paramount Chief is the title of ruler of Kebu Yuu in Republic of Uganda. See also: Inzu, Rwot.115

Parish Chiefs – See: Abemiruka.

Patron, Protector and Granter of The Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns – This is part of the full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty.116

By Royal decision of H.M. Solomon Iguru I, Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara, in 2012. are rewritten “the whole legal chapters and maintain of the Orders Order of the Crown of Thorns and Order of the Lion and the Black Cross under the Ecclesiastical jurisdiction and Patronage of The Apostolic Episcopal Church and the Royal Patronage of His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I; with H.M. Omukama Chwa II. Kabalega name incorporate and the name of His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I”. See also: Omukama; Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns; Patron, Protector and Granter of The Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross.117

Patron, Protector and Granter of The Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross – Part of the full official title of Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I. See also: Omukama; Patron, Protector and Granter of The Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns.118

Pokino – County of Buddu (Buganda Kingdom) is headed by the County Chief with title Pokino.119

Prime Minister – See: Katikiro; Omuhikirwa; Omulerembera; Engazi; Jadipu.

Prince – See: Crown Prince, Omulangira.

 Princess – See: Royal Princess; Omumbejja.

Protector – See: Omukama; Orphan Protector; Sovereign Head, Grand Master and Protector of The Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega; Patron, Protector and Granter of The Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns; Patron, Protector and Granter of The Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross

Royal Order of Engabu – It is a single-grade royal order, within the Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara. In English, the name of the Order means: Order of the Shield. It is awarded solely by the Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara. The order was established in 2010, replacing the old Royal Order of the Crown. The name change was done to make sure, that the Order of the Crown and the Order of Omujwaara Kondo (Order of the Coronet Wearer) were not confused.120

This is old order of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. It is considered, that its roots are dating back roughly to the 17th century. Today, Motto of Royal Order of Engabu is: “Cum Alus Pro Alus” in Latin (in English: With Others, For Others).121

Royal Order of Engabu is junior to the Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo, and senior to Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega. Order of Engabu is normally granted twice a year, once during the Empango ceremony (which most often is on June 11 each year) and the other on the birthday of the Omukama (H.M. Solomon Iguru I’s birthday is June 18).122

Today, Order is awarded for “All that makes for the spiritual and moral strengthening of mankind and Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom in particular, and those who promote work for humanity and charity, for the relief of persons in sickness, distress, suffering or danger”. Its eligibility is for any individual, above the age of 25.123

Recipients of The Order of Engabu receive a breast star, that is 90 millimeters in diameter. This star is worn at Empango ceremonies or other appropriate formal occasions, and members of the order sit in a special place of honor during the Empango events.124

This Order is inherited by the original grantee’s eldest child of the same sex at the moment of the original grantee’s death or renunciation of the honor. For male grantees, the honor passes by patrilineal primogeniture. For female grantees, the honor passes by matrilineal primogeniture.125

There are several aspects of the award that recipients of the Order receive. First, all recipients are entitled to the style „The Most Honourable“. However, persons entitled to an existing style that supersedes “ The Most Honourable“ will retain it within the Order’s records. Second, a recipient is entitled to use the title of Omukungu (plural: Abakungu), or “Abakungu okusemera omu Engabu” (roughly: Chiefs worthy to be in Crown). This title is junior to mujwaara Kondo. Official authorization is granted for a male recipient to translate Omujwaara Kondo into „Knight“ in English and a female recipient may translate this into „Dame“. Third, the post-nominal of „OEBKK“ may be used after an honoree’s name, which stands for (O)rder of the (E)ngabu of (B)unyoro-(K)itara (K)ingdom. The original recipient of the Order may use „1st“ before the post-nominals (OEBKK) in order to show he is the first to receive the Order, his son who inherits the order may then use „2nd OEBKK“, his son may use „3rd OEBKK“ and so on.126

Persons who receive this Order are also entitled to the right to display certain heraldic privileges. By authorization of His Majesty the Omukama, all Members of the Order, who desire to have heraldry are entitled to display supporters and top their helm with a basic coronet if they desire to signify their status as Members. See also: Sovereign Head of The Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo and The Royal Order of Engabu.127

Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo – It is the oldest and highest royal order of the Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom and is awarded solely by the Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara. It is a single-grade honor, separated into two classes. Class I is limited to other royal families of the world and heads of state, while Class II is open to all persons.128

It is considered, that the first recipient of this Order was Kasaru, the interpreter of Omukama Rukidi of Bunyoro, who ruled in the late 15th century. Therefore, the Order is believed to be more than 500 years old. It was normal that recipients of the Order were awarded ownership of land and it was believed, that they obtained a special “divine power” called “mahano” with the admission into the order.129

Recipients of the Order were awarded an Ekondo (English: coronets) and other regalia, and had special seats during ceremonies of the Kingdom. Earlier, recipients were not allowed to eat “common food” like potatoes and beans. Instead, they were expected to follow a special diet, containing primarily: meat, poultry and other “finer” (rare) foods.130

When awarded the Order, recipients obtains the title of „Omujwaara Kondo“ (English: Coronet wearer) and became an Abajwaara Kondo (Name for a group of Omujawaara Kondo’s). It was also normal to award recipients with elaborate headdresses made from beard and skin of the columbus monkey.131

The Order has, compared to European standards, more characteristics of a title of nobility (The award being a title and a coronet) then of an Order of Chivalry. When the British conquered the Kingdom however, the Bunyoro Agreements of 1933. and 1955. between the Kingdom and the British Government recognized the Omukama’s power to award this ancient honor, which was then classified as an „Order of Distinction“.132

Uganda gained its independence from Britain in 1962. Omukama Sir Winyi IV continued to award this honor until 1967, when the Kingdoms in Uganda were abolished by dictator Milton Obote. The Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara was restored on June 11, 1993. with the enthronement of H.M. Solomon Iguru I, son of H.M. Omukama Sir Winyi IV of Bunyoro. After the enthronement, similar to the other traditional honors of Bunyoro-Kitara, the Omujwaara Kondo is once again being awarded.133

Originally, when being awarded the Order, recipients would swear an oath of loyalty to the King, and drink a bowl of milk with the King, but now the drinking of milk is optional. How the tradition of drinking milk started is not known, but it is believed to have ties with the former large herds of Ankole cattle, which were an important part of Bunyoro economy, history and culture.134

The Order was revised on March 22, 2010 by H.M. Omukama Solomon Iguru I, in an attempt to modernize it. Since then the honor has been updated to be a breast star that is 90 millimeters in diameter. This star is worn at Empango ceremonies or other appropriate formal occasions, and member of the order sits in a special place of honor during the Empango events. Traditionally the Order was only given to men, but since its restoration in 2010, women are also allowed admittance into the order. The traditional ban on eating beans, potatoes and other vegetables has also been removed. Also recipients must be minimum 25 years of age. The honor is normally granted two times a year, once during the Empango ceremony (which most often is on June 11 each year) and the other on H.M. Solomon Iguru I’s birthday on June 18. The Order is a very high honor.135

There are several unique aspects of the award that recipients of the Order receive in contrast to other world orders. First, all recipients are entitled to the style „The Most Honourable“. However, persons entitled to an existing style that supersedes „The Most Honourable“ will retain it within the Order’s records. Second, a recipient is entitled to use the title of Omujwaara Kondo. Official authorization is granted for a male recipient to translate Omujwaara Kondo into „Crown Knight“ in English and a female recipient may translate this into „Crown Dame“. Third, the post-nominal of „OOKB“ may be used after an honoree’s name, which stands for (O)rder of the (O)mujwaara (K)ondo of (B)unyoro-Kitara Kingdom.136

Persons who receive the honor are also entitled to the right to display certain heraldic privileges. By authorization of His Majesty the Omukama, all Members of the Order who desire to have heraldry are entitled to display supporters and top their helm with a basic coronet if they desire to signify their status as Members.137

In accordance with both the historical traditions of The Order of the Omujwaara Kondo and its modern statutes, the honor is inherited by the original grantee’s eldest child of the same sex at the moment of the original grantee’s death or renunciation of the honor. For male grantees, the honor passes by patrilineal primogeniture (from male to male) and for female grantees, the honor passes by matrilineal primogeniture (from female to female). See also: Sovereign Head of The Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo and The Royal Order of Engabu.138

Royal Order of the Crown – It was former Order of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom (Uganda). This Order was replaced by Royal Order of Engabu (Order of the Shield) in 2010. This change was implemented, to avoid confusion between the names of the Order of the Crown and the Order of Omujwaara Kondo (Order of the Coronet Wearer). See also: Royal Order of Engabu.139

Royal Princess – Royal Princess is title of female member of Royal Family. In Bunyoro-Kitara Royal Family (Babiito Dynasty) H.R.H. Princess Masamba Nkwanzi OOKB, OEBKK, GCCK, daughter of H.M. Omukama (King) Solomon Iguru I, is bearer of this title.140

Rukirabasaija – This title means “The greatest of men”. It is one of the principal titles of the Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. It is also used in Kingdom of Toro. See: Omukama.141

Ruler – “Ruler of Hoima, Masindi, Kibaale, Buliisa and Kiryandongo” (Nkyanungi, Nyakanungi) is part of the full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. In Nyoro language Nkyanungi or Nyakanungi  means also: „Good Ruler“. See also: Omukama, Kyabazinga.142

Rwodhi – This is title of all male descendents of Rwoth Obima (King) in Alur (Union of Alur Chiefdoms). “Rwodhi” is plural. See also: Rwoth Obima.143

Rwot – Hereditary title of the traditional ruler (Paramount Chief) of Acholi in Uganda. Since 15. January 2005, Rwot of Acholi is Acana II of the House of Payira. See also: Won Lobo; Rwoth; Rwoth Obima.144

Rwoth – This is hereditary title of the traditional ruler of Jonam (Jonam Koch) in Republic of Uganda. Rwoth of Jonam is, since 1. March 2008, Marcellino Olar Ker. See also: Rwot; Rwoth Obima.145

Rwoth Obima – Hereditary title of the traditional ruler of Alur (Union of Alur Chiefdoms) in Republic of Uganda is Rwoth Obima, Rwoth Obimo, or Rwoth. Nyathi Rwot is lower title (leader subjugated to Rwoth Obima). Since August 2000, Rwoth Obima of Alur is Rauni III . See also: Nyathi Rwot; Rwodhi; Rwot; Rwoth.146

Rwoth Obimo – See: Rwoth Obima.

Sabaganzi – Title of “the official maternal uncle of the Kabaka” in Kingdom of Buganda.147

Sekibobo – The title of the county chief of Kyagwe (Kyaggwe) in Kingdom of Buganda is Sekibobo (or Ssekiboobo).148

Sovereign Head, Grand Master and Protector of The Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega – This is part of the full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. See: Omukama, Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.149

Sovereign Head of The Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo and The Royal Order of Engabu – Part of the full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. See also: Omukama, Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo, Royal Order of Engabu.150

Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross – By Royal decision of H.M. Solomon Iguru I, Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara, in 2012. are rewritten “the whole legal chapters and maintain of the Orders Order of the Crown of Thorns and Order of the Lion and the Black Cross under the Ecclesiastical jurisdiction and Patronage of The Apostolic Episcopal Church and the Royal Patronage of His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I; with H.M. Omukama Chwa II. Kabalega name incorporate and the name of His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I”.  See also: Omukama; Patron, Protector and Granter of The Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross.151

Ssaabalangira – Title of “Chief of the Royal Princes”, used in Kingdom of Buganda.152

Ssaabasajja – This is honorific style of Kabaka, ruler of Kingdom of Buganda. See also: Kabaka.153

 

 

Ssebwama – County of Busiro in Kingdom of Buganda is headed by the County Chief titled Ssebwama.154

 

 

Ssekiboobo – See: Sekibobo.

Sub-County Chiefs – See: Abagomborozi.

Sub-Parish Chiefs – See: Abatongole.

Tabingwa – This is hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Luuka in Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates). Current Tabingwa of Luuka, since, 11 February 1995, is Willington Nabwana of the House of Tabingwa.155

Traditional or cultural leader – See: Omukama.

Village Chiefs – See: Bakuru B’emigongo; Abatongole.

Wakhooli – See: Wakooli.

Wakooli – Hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Bukooli in Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates) is Wakooli or Wakhooli. Since 11. February 1995, Wakooli of Bukooli is David Muluuya Kawunye of the House of Wakoli.156

Won Lobo – Formerly, “Won Lobo” was part of title of Rwot of Acholi. It literally means “Guardian of the land”. See also: Rwot.157

Won Nyaci – This is title of the elective traditional ruler of Lango in Republic of Uganda. This title is created in 1957. Won Nyaci is “ceremonial constitutional head of the district to be elected by the district council”. Since 10. December 2005, Won Nyaci (traditional ruler) of Lango is Yosam Odur-Ebii.158

Zibondo – This is hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Bulamogi in Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates). Current Zibondo of Bulamogi, since 3. September 2008, is Edward Columbus Wambuzi of the House of Zibondo.159

Author:

Aleksandar Bačko

Sub-County Chief

Editor:

Reverend Father Deacon

Nenad M. Jovanović

Representative in Serbia

County Chief

Belgrade, Serbia 2013.

Note: this text is published for the first time at The Center for Research of Orthodox Monarchism internet presentation http://www.czipm.org

SOURCES AND LITERATURE

  1. John Beattie, Bunyoro, An African Kingdom, Case studies in Cultural Anthropology (further: Beattie, Bunyoro), 41; Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom – General Information (http://www.scribd.com/doc/123236020/2013-Bunyoro-Kitara-Kingdom-General-Information), 3; Bunyoro-Kitara (http://www.bunyoro-kitara.org/); ARKBK Representations (http://www.arkbk-clbg.org/5.html); ARKBK Bunyoro-Kitara (http://www.arkbk-clbg.org/11.html); ARKBK Structure (http://www.arkbk-clbg.org/4.html); The Constitution of Uganda, 15th April, 1966, 138 – 139; Laws of Uganda, Volume 1, 177 – 178; Statutory instruments, Part III, 1962, 2868; The Uganda independence order in Council 1962, 124.
  2. Royal Ark, Buganda (http://www.royalark.net/Uganda/buganda.htm).
  3. Royal Ark, Buganda.
  4. Alfred Tucker, Eighteen years in Uganda & East Africa, 1970, 286; A handbook of the Uganda protectorate, 1920, 336; Beattie, Bunyoro, 41; Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom – General Information, 3; Bunyoro-Kitara; ARKBK Representations; ARKBK Bunyoro-Kitara; ARKBK Structure.
  5. Royal Ark, Buganda.
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